The Swedish Royal Family: Everything You Need to Know (2023)

Is Sweden a monarchy? Not exactly: the Swedish government is parliamentary democracy, but there is a hereditary monarchy that acts in tandem with the Swedish government. Layman’s terms? There’s a Swedish royal family but their role is ceremonial.

It is, in fact, even possible that the Swedish monarchy could one day be abolished; the Parliament is not obligated (as it once was) to choose a new monarch should the current royal family stop producing heirs.

But that doesn’t mean that royal abolition is around the corner in Sweden! The Swedish royal family is generally well-liked. As is the case with most European royal families today, they stary out of politics and confine their activities to representing Sweden both internationally and in traditional domestic events.

The Swedish royal family is made up of the king, queen, their three children, and seven grandchildren.

Find out everything you need to know about the Royal Family of Sweden:

History of the Swedish monarch

Members of the Swedish royal family

King Carl XVI Gustaf

Princess Estelle

Queen Silvia

Prince Oscar

Princess Birgitta

Prince Carl Philip

Crown Princess Victoria

Princess Sofia

Prince Daniel

Princess Madeleine

Where does the Swedish royal family live?

Is the Swedish royal family popular?

The Swedish King’s scandal

Who is next in line for the Swedish crown?

Is the Swedish royal family related to the British royal family?

Is the Swedish royal family related to the Danish royal family?

What religion is the Swedish royal family?

The Swedish royal family tree

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See the full Scandinavian royal family tree up close.

History of the Swedish monarch

Sweden has had a monarchy since the country existed, and the Scandinavian region has had monarchies since pre-historic times. Previous to 1000 AD, most known stories of Swedish kings are told in Norse sagas, and even after that time the recorded history is spotty.

It is from the 11th century, when Christianity came to Scandinavia, that we know more about Sweden’s kings. During this time, kings were elected; they were chosen from a number of competing dynasties. Kings became more powerful as power, and Swedish land, was consolidated. Fighting continued between the two strongest dynasties, Sverker and Erik, until a new dynasty married into the Erik clan, strengthening the throne.

In 1397, the Kalmar Union brought together all the Scandinavian countries (including Finland, which at that time was part of Sweden). In-fighting led to a slow demise of the union in the 16th century.

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The 16th and 17th centuries were marked by wars, tax reformation, and the arrival of Protestantism, all of which consolidated monarchical power. Queen Kristina (also known as Christina) ruled from 1632 – 1654; she is still considered one of the most learned monarchs of Sweden and was a great patron of the arts.

Queen Kristina dressed in a masculine style and had a long-term relationship with a woman, Ebba Sparre, her lady-in-waiting. Kristina refused to marry, which led to such a decrease in popularity that she eventually abdicated the throne and converted to Catholicism. In the proceeding centuries, Queen Kristina has become a lesbian icon, especially after her portrayal by Greta Garbo in 1933’s film Queen Christina.

Queen Kristina also had an infamous meeting with French philosopher René Descartes; upon reading his work, she invited him to Sweden to start a scientific academy. He arrived to Sweden in October of 1649.

In December, Descartes began lessons with the queen in the cold, damp castle. In February, he caught a cold and died ten days later of pneumonia. So while it would be unfair to call Queen Kristina a murderer, she certainly could have offered Descartes a scarf!

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In the 18th century, Queen Ulrika Eleonara ended Sweden’s absolute monarchy when she was made to sign the 1719 Instrument of Government. It was during this period, the Age of Liberty (Frihetstiden), that the concepts of civil liberty and the parliamentary system become foundational to Swedish government. It was a short-lived period; 1718 – 1722, but it remains seminal to Swedish history.

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In 1772, King Gustav III ushered in the Gustavian era when he staged a bloodless coup (on himself!) and reimagined the division of power between king and parliament with the 1772 Instrument of Government. As kings are wont to do, he strengthened the power of the monarchy. The act was adopted by Swedish Parliament (Riksdag), though this was achieved through strong-arming and coercion, not actual approval.

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The 1809 Instrument of Government saw the pendulum swing the other way, with primary power being awarded to parliament, and secondary power to the king. In 1810, King Charles XIII died leaving no heir, and the elected heir Charles August died suddenly in a military training exercise. Left with no monarch, the Swedish Parliament elected Prince Jean-Baptiste Jules Bernadotte as king, thereby launching the Bernadotte dynasty, which continues today.

Throughout the 19th century, much of the Swedish monarchy’s focus was on trying to retain power in a society that was becoming increasingly liberal and socially democratic. Ultimately, the royals had to adapt to survive, doing their best to ensure that Riskdag was amenable to their station.

At this point in time, the king still had executive authority that could be exercized only when in the presence of his cabinet ministers. If he was away, the minsters could make decisions in his name.

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In 1914, King Gustav V openly disagreed with proposed defense budget cuts, and gave what is now known as the “Courtyard Speech” at Stockholm’s Royal Palace. He spoke in front of over 30,000 Swedish farmers, who subsequently held a march to demand higher defense spending. When the liberal government tried to shut down the King’s partisan provocations, he doubled down on his demands and the entire Parliament resigned in protest. King Gustav V then appointed a conservative government.

The issue became momentarily moot when World War I broke out and the idea of cutting the defense budget was no longer relevant. In 1917, the appointment of a coalition government meant that the monarch’s authority once again took a backseat, though on paper it remained the same.

Sweden was famously “neutral” in WWII, with the major controversy of the war (called, in true Swedish fashion, the “Midsummer Crisis” of 1941) being whether German troops would be permitted to travel from Norway to Finland through Swedish territory. King Gustav V threatened (or, as he later put it, “mentioned”) abdication if the request of the Germans was not met.

While there is some evidence that King Gustav V was friendly with members of the Nazi party, and even approved of some of Hiter’s policies, he also appealed to the leaders of Hungary to save their Jewish population. All to say, it’s hard to know King Gustav V’s true feelings, other than that he didn’t want Sweden to be involved in the war and may have harbored pro-German (if not pro-Nazi) sympathies, as his wife was German.

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When Gustav V died in 1950, his son Gustav VI Adolf ascended to the throne.

King Gustav VI Adolf died in 1973; because his son had died in a plane crash in 1947, Gustav VI Adolf’s grandson Carl XVI Gustav became king at the age of twenty-seven. King Carl XVI Gustav remains king today.

In 1974, Parliament voted to remove all executive powers from the monarchy, making the Swedish royal family’s role entirely ceremonial.

Who are the members of the Swedish royal family?

What is technically referred to as the “Royal House” is the immediate family of the head monarch, in this case HM King Carl XVI Gustaf. This includes the king, the queen, their children, and their grandchildren that fall into the line of succession.

Until 2019, all of King Carl XVI Gustav’s grandchildren were included in the “Royal House.”

The children of Prince Carl Philip and his wife Princess Sofia, and Princess Madeleine and Christopher O’Neill were removed from the House by King Carl XVI Gustaf due to rising concerns about the royal family’s cost to taxpayers.

Removing the grandchildren from the house relieved them of their royal duties, removed their “royal highness” titles (they continue to be dukes and duchesses), and means that they no longer receive an annual sum called an appanage.

All members of the royal family have expressed approval of this measure, noting that the children removed from the Royal House will be able to live more private and independent lives, while still attending social events with the rest of the family.

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The Swedish Royal Family, photographer at Solliden in Öland, summer 2021.

Here are the members of the Royal Family of Sweden:

HM King Carl XVI Gustaf

Born 1946

The youngest child of Prince Gustaf Adolf, Duke of Västerbotten, and Princess Sibylla of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, King Carl XVI Gustav became king in 1973. His father died when he was only nine months old, so King Carl XVI Gustav ascended to the throne when his grandfather, King Gustav VI Adolf, died. The King has four older sisters: the Princesses Margaretha, Birgitta, Désirée and Christina.

He married Silvia Sommerlath, a German-Brazillian woman he met at the 1972 Olympics in Munich, in 1976. They have three children and seven grandchildren.

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King Carl XVI Gustav is the monarch with the longest reign in Sweden’s history. He has presided over a number of changes to the monarchy, including absolute primogeniture, as well as changes to the Royal House; in 2019, he removed five of his grandchildren from the House in response to growing disapproval of the amount of taxpayer money spent on the royal family.

HM Queen Silvia

Born 1943

Queen Silvia married King Carl XVI Gustav in 1974 after meeting him at the 1972 Olympics, where she was working as a host and interpreter. She speaks seven languages (!), with Swedish and Swedish Sign Language being her sixth and seventh.

The night before their wedding, ABBA took part in a Royal Variety Performance where they performed “Dancing Queen” for the first time in honor of the new queen.

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HM Queen Silvia has been involved in many social justice causes during her time as queen, with particular focus on childhood mentoring and elderly people living with dementia.

HRH Princess Birgitta

Born 1937

Princess Birgitta is the older sister of King Carl XVI Gustav. She kept her HRH title, and therefore her place in the “Royal House” as she married a German royal, Prince Johann Georg of Hohenzollern in 1961.

HRH Crown Princess Victoria

Born 1977

Crown Princess Victoria, Duchess of Västergötland, is next in-line for the throne. She will be the first queen of Sweden to be crowned through absolute primogeniture, and the first queen in the Bernadotte dynasty.

Though her younger brother was originally the Crown Prince, the law was changed in 1980 and she retroactively became the Crown Princess.

In 1997, Crown Princes Victoria Fund was set up to provide recreational events and activities for children with disabilities and illnesses. She has a Bachelor’s Degree from Uppsala University and speaks four languages. The Crown Princess works as a Sustainable Development Goal Advocate at the United Nations, where she focuses on water and health issues, and represents Sweden both domestically and around the world on official visits.

She married Daniel Westling in 2010, had her first child in 2012, and her second child in 2016.

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HRH Prince Daniel

Born 1973

Prince Daniel, Duke of Västergötland, married Crown Princess Victoria in 2010. Prior to their marriage, he owned three gyms and worked as a personal trainer.

He is the patron of a number of organizations and non-profits, particularly those related to health and entrepreneurship.

HRH Princess Estelle

Born 2012

Princess Estelle is the oldest child of Crown Princess Victoria and Prince Daniel. She is second in-line for the throne.

HRH Prince Oscar

Born 2016

Prince Oscar is the youngest child of Crown Princess Victoria and Prince Daniel. He is third in-line for the throne.

HRH Prince Carl Philip

Born 1979

Prince Carl Philip, Duke of Värmland, is the second child of King Carl XVI Gustav and Queen Silvia. He is currently fourth in-line for the throne, after his sister Crown Princess Victoria and her two children.

Carl Philip married Sofia Hellqvist in 2014; they had their first child in 2016, second child in 2017, and third child in 2021.

The Prince is known for his love of sports and outdoor activities. He studied graphic design and is one half of the well-respected design duo Bernadotte Kylberg, who create products for brands including Georg Jensen, Hästens, and Stelton.

HRH Princess Sofia

Born 1984

Princess Sofia, Duchess of Värmland, is married to Prince Carl Philip. They have three children together.

Previous to her royal duties, Princess Sofia was a model, was on the reality TV show “Paradise Hotel,” and is a certified yoga instructor. She studied accounting and business development in New York, as well as childhood communication in Sweden.

Sofia co-founded Project Playground in 2010, a non-profit that supports children in South Africa.

HRH Princess Madeleine

Born 1982

Princess Madeleine, Duchess of Hälsingland and Gästrikland, is seventh in-line for the throne. She is married to British-American businessman Christopher O’Neill. They have three children and live in Miami, Florida, in the USA.

Madeleine has a BA in art history from the University of Stockholm, and also studied child psychology. She is a talented equestrian.

Where does the Swedish royal family live?

King Carl XVI Gustav and Queen Silvia live at Drottningholm Palace, just outside of Stockholm. Built by Nicodemus Tessin the Elder in the 17th Century, the palace has been home to Swedish royals since 1981 and is a UNESCO heritage site.

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Above: Drottningholms Slott

Crown Princess Victoria, her husband Prince Daniel, and their two children live at Haga Palace just outside of Stockholm. This Palace was the birthplace of her father.

Prince Carl Philip, his wife Princess Sofia, and their two children live at Villa Solbacken in Stockholm, north of the Djurgårdsbrunn canal. Designed in 1930 by architect Ragnar Hjorth, the villa was given to the Prince by his uncle and godfather Prince Bertil, with the understanding that Bertil’s wife Lilian could live there until her death. When she passed away in 2013, Prince Philip and his family moved in.

Princess Madeleine, her husband Chris, and their children have lived all over the world, and are currently residing in Miami, Florida, in the USA.

Is the Swedish royal family popular?

Yes! Though there has been some disagreement about how much money taxpayers should contribute to the royal family annually, the Swedish royal family is generally well-liked in the country.

They’re seen as grounded, compared to other royals around the world, and even travel in economy class when flying.

There is also more acceptance of Swedish royals doing “non-royal” things; for example, Princess Sofia has been on reality television. Marrying out of royalty, or nobility, is totally fine; Crown Princess Victoria married her former personal trainer.

The Swedish King’s scandal

In 2010, the book The Reluctant King was published and opened a major controversy for the royal family, specifically King Carl XVI Gustav.

The book, which the King did not refute, details the monarch’s many affairs and his love of sex parties.

The book and its subsequent scandals shook the people of Sweden, and many objected to the King being portrayed in such a negative light. After its publication, the King issued a statement in which he essentially said that he wanted to move forward, as the allegations were from so long ago.

Who is next in line for the Swedish crown?

HRH Crown Princess Victoria is next in line for the crown. She will be the first queen in the Bernadotte family.

There have been two contemporary queen regents in Sweden: Kristina (ruled 1632 – 1654) and Ulrika Eleonora (ruled 1718 – 1720). Both abdicated power in favor of male family; Kristina in favor of her cousin, and Ulrika Eleonora in favor of her husband.

Crown Princess Victoria, however, is the first to be in line for the crown since the Act of Succession was rewritten in 1980 to include absolute primogeniture, so women could ascend to the throne. The laws of succession were updated after the births of both Crown Princess Victoria and her younger brother Prince Carl Philip, making Victoria retroactively next in line for the crown.

Is the Swedish royal family related to the British royal family?

Yes! The Swedish and British royal families are connected through Queen Victoria, who is the great great-grandmother of both Queen Elizabeth II and King Carl XVI Gustav.

Queen Victoria, who ruled the United Kingdom from 1837 – 1901, had nine children and 42 grandchildren, ensuring that many royal families in Europe are connected through her lineage.

See the full Scandinavian royal family tree.

Is the Swedish royal family related to the Danish royal family?

Of course they are! Swedish King Carl XVI Gustav is the first cousin of Danish Queen Margrethe II; they share a grandfather, Swedish King Gustav VI Adolf.

See the full Scandinavian royal family tree.

What religion is the Swedish royal family?

The Swedish royal family is Protestant Christian, and are members of the Church of Sweden, an Evangelical Lutheran church. The Act of Succession of 1810 actually requires that the royal family be “of the pure evangelical faith.”

Interested more Swedish culture? Find out all about flag days, fika, and Swedish fashion.

Graphics by Freya August McOmish.

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Does the Swedish royal family have any power? ›

For Sweden – with the times

As head of state, the King is Sweden's foremost unifying symbol. According to the 1974 constitution, the monarch has no political affinity and no formal powers. The King's duties are mainly of a ceremonial and representative nature.

How does the Swedish royal family work? ›

Sweden is a constitutional monarchy, which means that HM The King is the country's Head of State and his duties are regulated by law. The fact that Sweden should have a king or a queen regnant as its head of state is established in the Instrument of Government – one of the kingdom's constitutional laws.

How do you address a Swedish royalty? ›

How does one address the Royal Family? The king is addressed as His Majesty Carl XVI Gustaf, King of Sweden. The queen is styled Her Majesty The Queen and is most often referred to as Queen Silvia. The children of the monarch are styled His/Her Royal Highness.

Who protects the Swedish royal family? ›

The Royal Guards (Swedish: Högvakten) is the King of Sweden's cavalry and infantry guards of honour of the Swedish Armed Forces, tasked with the protection of the Swedish royal family.

How much does the Swedish royal family cost? ›

The budget allocation for the Court Administration is approximately SEK 76,1 million (2022).

What is the salary of Swedish king? ›

Swedish monarchs do not recieve a salary, the royal house recieves an appanage of around $15 million a year. The head monarch holds the official position of head of state in Sweden, but holds no political power at all. They are merely a representative for the country — like a mascot of sorts.

What religion is the Swedish royal family? ›

The Act of Succession of 1810 provides the rules governing the line of succession and designates the legitimate heirs to the Swedish Throne; it also states in article 4 that the Monarch and dynastic members of the Royal House must at all times be a Protestant Christian of the pure evangelical faith (by implication the ...

Where do Swedish royals live? ›

Stockholm Palace or the Royal Palace (Swedish: Stockholms slott or Kungliga slottet) is the official residence and major royal palace of the Swedish monarch (King Carl XVI Gustaf and Queen Silvia use Drottningholm Palace as their usual residence).

How do Swedish last names work? ›

In Sweden, a person must have a surname and one or more given names. Two given names are common. Surnames are inherited from the parents, in the order of "same as elder sibling, if any; specified by parents; or mother's last name," while given names must be chosen by the parents at birth.

What do Swedish people call themselves? ›

In Swedish, the term is svensk, which is from the name of svear (or Swedes), the people who inhabited Svealand in eastern central Sweden, and were listed as Suiones in Tacitus' history Germania from the first century AD.

What are Swedish surnames? ›

List of 100 Most Common Swedish Surnames
1Andersson238 843
2Johansson238 259
3Karlsson212 126
4Nilsson163 029
96 more rows
Feb 24, 2016

Is Queen Elizabeth related to Swedish royal family? ›

King Carl XVI Gustaf of Sweden

The King of Sweden is descended from the 3rd and 4th sons of Queen Victoria, Princes Arthur and Leopold, while Queen Elizabeth was the granddaughter of King Edward VII, Victoria's eldest son and heir.

Is the Swedish royal family French? ›

"The Swedish royals come from the world of Napoleonic France," explains Lauren Kiehna, the royal jewelry expert behind the blog the Court Jeweller. "The dynasty was founded by Jean-Baptiste Bernadotte, one of Napoleon's military leaders, who was elected King of Sweden.

How do two monarchs greet each other? ›

Bowing and curtsying are the traditional greetings, and perhaps a handshake if they offer one. But when British royals meet royals from other countries, they can be much more relaxed.

Does the livgardet still exist? ›

The Life Guards as it exists today has been part of the Swedish Army since 2000, when the functions of three separate guards units, the Svea Life Guards, the Household Brigade and the Life Guards Dragoons, all of which were classed as Household troops, were amalgamated into a single regiment.

Who will inherit the Swedish throne? ›

HRH The Crown Princess's duties as heir to the throne

In accordance with the 1979 Act of Succession, which took effect on 1 January 1980, Crown Princess Victoria is heir to the Swedish throne.

How many noble families are there in Sweden? ›

They are classified as counts (46 families), barons (124 families) and untitled nobility (449 families).

Who is the wealthiest royal family? ›

Richest royal families from around the world
  • Richest royals. ...
  • #7 The royal family of Brunei. ...
  • #6 The royal family of Thailand. ...
  • #5 The British royal family. ...
  • #4 The royal family of Abu Dhabi. ...
  • #3 The royal family of Qatar. ...
  • #2 The royal family of Kuwait. ...
  • #1 The royal family of Saudi Arabia. Net Worth: $1.4 trillion.
Nov 25, 2022

Who is the wealthiest royal family in Europe? ›

King Carl XVI Gustaf

The Swedish royal family is among the wealthiest in Europe. King Carl XVI took the crown in 1973 when he was just 27. He's been married to Queen Silvia since 1976, and they have three children.

Who is the world most expensive royal family? ›

At the top of the list of richest royals is the royal family of Saudi Arabia, whose current king is Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud. The royal family comprises around 15,000 members and has a net worth of around $1.4 trillion (140000 crores), well above any other monarchy.

What is a high salary in Sweden? ›

The average salary in Sweden is around 46,000 SEK (4,700 USD) monthly. The minimum salary is around 6,400 SEK (660 USD) per month, and the maximum is 210,300 SEK (21,600 USD).

Are there millionaires in Sweden? ›

* indicates links to articles on the economy of the country or territory.
Countries by number and percentage of millionaires.
Country or subnational areaSweden *
Number of millionaires610,000
Share of global millionaires (%)1.0
Percentage of millionaires (% of adult population)7.3
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Are there billionaires in Sweden? ›

This is a ranking of Swedish billionaires. The following list is based on the annual estimated wealth and assets assessment compiled and published by American business magazine Forbes. The wealth of 45 people exceeds $ 1 billion.
2022 list.
NameStefan Persson
Age ( y.o. )75
44 more columns

What is the surname of the Swedish king? ›

Carl XVI Gustaf (Carl Gustaf Folke Hubertus; born 30 April 1946) is King of Sweden. He ascended the throne on the death of his grandfather, Gustaf VI Adolf, on 15 September 1973.

What are the Swedish royal colors? ›

Sweden's colors are blue and yellow based on the coat of arms of Sweden of 1442, which consists of two yellow lions holding several blue and yellow shields. However, Sweden's colors have been blue and yellow since at least the royal coat of arms used in 1275 by Magnus III.

Where do Swedish royals get married? ›


Where are Swedish royals buried? ›

With the exception of Queen Kristina, all the Swedish monarchs from King Gustav II Adolf to King Gustaf V have been laid to rest in the Riddarholm Church.

Are the Norwegian and Swedish royals related? ›

King Carl XVI Gustaf of Sweden and King Harald V of Norway are also second cousins once removed through King Harald's mother, Crown Princess Märtha, born a princess of Sweden.

How do Swedes name their children? ›

Swedish naming conventions structure names in a similar format to the English-speaking West, with the surname following the given name(s) (e.g. Olivia Alice ERIKSSON). Some Swedes continue the tradition of giving a child a name unique to the family, which is often the name of a relative.

Do Swedish men take their wives names? ›

The current law was enacted in 2017, replacing a 1982 law. The Swedish Tax Agency administers the registration of names in Sweden. The law has been revised since originally enacted; in 1983, it was made possible for a man to adopt his wife's or partner's name, as well as for a woman to adopt her husband's name.

What is the most Swedish last name? ›

Appendix:Swedish surnames
  • Johansson 279,858.
  • Andersson 276,865.
  • Karlsson 214,378.
  • Nilsson 186,947.
  • Eriksson 148,880.
  • Larsson 134,660.
  • Olsson 119,771.
  • Persson 116,901.

What do Swedish people call their lovers? ›

Common Swedish terms of endearment

« Hjärtat », the Swedish equivalent of “Sweetheart”, is one such term. This sweet nickname can be used by almost anyone, but is especially common for older ladies to use when addressing a younger person, male or female.

Why don't Swedes feed guests? ›

That's because some Swedes think feeding a guest creates a sense of obligation, explains Tellström. And in a society that values equality and independence, people don't want to put a burden on someone or feel like they owe someone something, he says.

What do you call a girl I Swedish? ›

girl → tös; flicka; tjej; jänta.

What can you not name your child in Sweden? ›

Under its “Naming Law,” which regulates what first names are acceptable to give babies, Sweden blocked Ikea, Veranda, Superman, Elvis and Brfxxccxxmnpcccclllmmnprxvclmnckssqlbb11116 (pronounced Albin, of course).

What are Swedish names in America? ›

Our local surnames of this category include Alstrom, Ahlstrom, Berglund, Bergstrom, Bloomquist, Dahlgren, Ecklof, Eckholm, Eckstrom, Ecklund, Fagerstrom, Lindal, Lindberg, Lindquist, Lindstrom, Lund, Lundberg, Lundgren, Lundine, Lundquist, Malmquist, Malmrose, Nordstrom, Sandberg, Sanbury, Sundell, Westerberg, among ...

Why do most Swedish names end in son? ›

Sweden abounds in names ending in “-son” because of an old Nordic practice, before hereditary surnames were introduced, of using the father's first name, and the suffix “-son” for a son, or “-dotter” for a daughter.

Which royal family had the most inbreeding? ›

The Habsburg dynasty was one of the most influential in Europe,” said the lead researcher, Professor Román Vilas from the University of Santiago de Compostela in Spain, “but became renowned for inbreeding, which was its eventual downfall.”

Who is the Queen's closest cousin? ›

Margaret Rhodes LVO (née Elphinstone; 9 June 1925 – 25 November 2016) was a British aristocrat and a first cousin of Queen Elizabeth II and Princess Margaret, Countess of Snowdon. From 1991 to 2002, she served as Woman of the Bedchamber to her aunt Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother.

Was there inbreeding in the royal family? ›

For centuries members of Europe's royal families often married their close relatives. The practice, which stretched across countries including France. But it also led to problems. Offspring born to mothers and fathers who share a common ancestry are more vulnerable to birth defects and harmful DNA mutations.

Was there a girl King of Sweden? ›

Christina (Swedish: Kristina, 18 December (New Style) 1626 – 19 April 1689), a member of the House of Vasa, was Queen of Sweden in her own right from 1632 until her abdication in 1654.
Christina, Queen of Sweden.
PredecessorGustav II Adolf
SuccessorCharles X Gustav
RegentAxel Oxenstierna (1632–1644)
14 more rows

Are Swedish descendants of Vikings? ›

The obvious locations for the most modern-day Viking descendants are Sweden, Norway and Denmark. It was from these Scandinavian countries that the Vikings originated and anyone today who has DNA from any of these regions is likely descended from Vikings.

Did Sweden have a female king? ›

Christina, Swedish Kristina, (born Dec. 8, 1626, Stockholm, Swed. —died April 19, 1689, Rome [Italy]), queen of Sweden (1644–54) who stunned all Europe by abdicating her throne.

How does royalty say hello? ›

There are no obligatory codes of behaviour when meeting The Queen or a member of the Royal Family, but many people wish to observe the traditional forms. For men this is a neck bow (from the head only) whilst women do a small curtsy. Other people prefer simply to shake hands in the usual way.

What are the royal rules? ›

26 of the Most Ridiculously Strict Rules the Royal Family Must Follow
  • They Must Accept All Gifts Graciously. ...
  • They Can't Just Propose Willy-Nilly. ...
  • Prince Philip Was Required To Walk Behind The Queen. ...
  • There's A Strict Dress Code. ...
  • And They Always Travel With An All-Black Ensemble. ...
  • Two Heirs Cannot Fly Together.
Sep 20, 2022

What does Kate call the Queen? ›

What name does Kate call the Queen? What Kate called the Queen. While the rest of the world is required to address Queen Elizabeth as Ma'am or your majesty, those closest to her are allowed to refer to her as Mama, according to Ingrid Seward, the editor of Majesty magazine.

When did the Swedish royal family lose power? ›

Sweden stopped being an absolute monarchy in the early 18th century during the reign of Queen Ulrika Eleonora. Ulrika Eleonora was forced by the Estates to sign the 1719 Instrument of Government, which ended the absolute monarchy and made the Riksdag of the Estates the highest organ of the state.

Who has the most power in Sweden? ›

The highest executive authority of the state is vested in the government, which consists of a prime minister and roughly 22 ministers who head the ministries. The ministers are appointed at the sole discretion of the prime minister.

Who holds the most power in Sweden? ›

The Government, led by a prime minister, governs Sweden. Formally, Sweden is a constitutional monarchy with King Carl XVI Gustaf as head of state. The monarch has a symbolic function as head of state and almost exclusively ceremonial duties.

How much power does the royal family have? ›

As the monarchy is constitutional, the monarch is limited to functions such as bestowing honours and appointing the prime minister, which are performed in a non-partisan manner. The sovereign is also able to comment on draft laws which directly affect the monarchy. The monarch is also Head of the British Armed Forces.

Does Sweden have free healthcare? ›

Healthcare in Sweden is not free, but it is also not expensive. In fact, when compared with other European countries, Swedish healthcare costs are quite reasonable. Visits for basic healthcare typically cost between 110 to 220 SEK (10–20 USD) depending on your county.

How is Sweden different from America? ›

Sweden has a constitutional monarchy for their political structure. While they have a royal family, most of the power lays with the parliament (Riksdag). Instead of having a president, like in the United States, they have a prime minister, who is selected by the political parties.

Is Sweden nice to live in? ›

Sweden's known for taking excellent care of its residents. Expats can enjoy a good quality of life with access to affordable schooling and healthcare. The country's infrastructure is excellent, and pristine Scandinavian forests and lakes are within easy reach of modern cities.

What is Sweden's main fighter? ›

The Saab JAS 39 Gripen (IPA: [ˈɡrǐːpɛn]; English: the griffin) is a light single-engine multirole fighter aircraft manufactured by the Swedish aerospace and defense company Saab AB. The Gripen has a delta wing and canard configuration with relaxed stability design and fly-by-wire flight controls.

Is Sweden politically stable? ›


The country enjoys a stable parliamentary democracy with representation at the national level in the Riksdag (Swedish Parliament).

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